LGBTI terminology

Page of a dictionary giving a definitionaffirmed gender means the gender that matches a person's gender identity. For example, if a person is biologically male and identifies as female, their affirmed gender is female.

ally: usually a non- LGBTI person who supports and stands up for the rights of LGBTI people, usually in the workplace or educational institution.

asexual: a person who generally does not feel sexual attraction or desire to any group of people. Asexuality is not the same as celibacy.

biological sex means the physical and biological characteristics that define males, females and intersex conditions.

bisexual: This word is used in the definition of sexuality in the Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 . The dictionary meaning of bisexuality is attraction to both males and females as sexual partners. Also called bi.

cisgender means that a person's biological sex and gender expression are the same. For example, a person expresses herself as female, and is also biologically female.

coming out: the process through which a lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning, or intersex person comes to recognise and acknowledge, both to self and to others, their sexual orientation, gender identity, or intersex status.

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gay: a person who is primarily attracted to members of the same sex. Although it can be used for any sex (for example: gay man, gay woman, gay person) lesbian is sometimes the preferred term for women who are attracted to women. It is preferable to homosexual .

gender dysphoria is a recognised medical condition in which a person's physiological sex does not match their gender identity or expression. One treatment for gender dysphoria is for the person to undergo a transition.

gender expression is the way in which a person communicates their gender identity to others through behaviour, clothing, appearance, voice and other forms of presentation. When someone identifies as trans*, their biological sex is often not the same as their gender identity or expression.

gender identity means a person's innermost concept of self as male or female — both or neither, how an individual perceives themself, and what they call themself.
Note: For the purpose of unlawful discrimination under the Anti-Discrimination Act , the definition says:
gender identity, in relation to a person,under the Queensland Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 , means that the person:
(a) identifies, or has identified, as a member of the opposite sex by living or seeking to live as a member of that sex; or
(b) is of indeterminate sex and seeks to live as a member of a particular sex.

gender non-conforming: having or being perceived to have gender characteristics and/or behaviours that do not conform to traditional or societal expectations. The person may or may not identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning, or intersex. For example, in the case of Norrie, the High Court of Australia unanimously held that the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act 1995 (NSW) permits the Registrar to register that a person's sex is non-specific .

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heterosexual: This word is used in the definition of sexuality in the Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 . The dictionary meaning of heterosexuality is sexual feeling for a person (or persons) of the opposite sex . Also called straight .

homosexual: This word is used in the definition of sexuality in the Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 . The dictionary meaning of homosexuality is sexual feeling for a person (or persons) of the same sex . Some people find this term offensive.

intersex: Intersex people are born with physical sex characteristics that don't fit medical norms for female or male bodies.

lesbian: a woman who is primarily attracted to other women.

lgb: lesbian, gay, bisexual.

lgbtqi: people who have identified themselves as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning, or intersex.

queer: an umbrella term sometimes used by LGBTI people to refer to the entire LGBTI community. It is important to note that the word queer is an in-group term, and a word that can be considered offensive to some people, depending on their generation, geographic location, and relationship to the word (because of its historically derogatory use).

questioning: those who are unsure of, or exploring and discovering their sexual orientation or gender identity.

sexual orientation: a person's emotional, physical, or romantic attractions to another person or people. Note: sexual orientation and gender identity are two different contructs. If a person identifies as transgender, they may also identify their sexual orientation as straight, gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

sexuality, under the Queensland Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 , means: heterosexuality, homosexuality or bisexuality.

SOGI: sexual orientation and gender identity.

SOGII: sexual orientation,gender identity, and intersex.

straight is sometimes used to refer to a heterosexual person.

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trans*: On these web pages we use the word trans* to acknowledge that there are many identities in the gender diversity spectrum. Trans* is an umbrella term that includes all identities within the gender identity spectrum, including (but not limited to) people who identify as transgender, transsexual, gender queer, gender fluid, non-binary, sistagirl, brotherboy, transman or transwoman.

transgender means that a person does not identify with the biological sex they were born with.

transitioning is the process a person goes through when changing their public gender presentation, to match their affirmed gender. A person who is transitioning may dress and live as their preferred gender. They may alter their physical appearance or take hormones. Some, but not all trans* people, may choose sex affirmation surgery.

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